Artboard 2 copy 35Artboard 64 copy 13Artboard 2 copy 19Artboard 2 copy 31Artboard 64 copy 18Artboard 64 copy 10Artboard 64 copy 11Artboard 64 copy 15Artboard 64 copy 12Artboard 64 copy 13Artboard 64 copy 14Artboard 2 copy 34Artboard 64 copy 19Artboard 64 copy 16MinusArtboard 2 copy 44Artboard 2 copy 38Artboard 2 copy 36PlusArtboard 64 copy 17Artboard 2 copy 43Artboard 2 copy 45Artboard 2 copy 46Artboard 64 copy 16Artboard 64 copy 18Artboard 64 copy 19Artboard 64 copy 17

Validating abbreviated measures of effort-reward imbalance at work in European cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium

Tidsskriftartikel - 2014

Resume

BACKGROUND: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is an established conceptualisation of work stress. Although a validated effort-reward questionnaire is available for public use, many epidemiological studies adopt shortened scales and proxy measures. To examine the agreement between different abbreviated measures and the original instrument, we compared different versions of the effort-reward scales available in 15 European cohort studies participating in the IPD-Work (Individual-participant-data meta-analysis in working populations) consortium. METHODS: Five of the 15 studies provide information on the original ('complete') scales measuring 'effort' and 'reward', whereas the 10 remaining studies used 'partial' scales. To compare different versions of the ERI scales, we analyse individual-level data from 31,790 participants from the five studies with complete scales. RESULTS: Pearson's correlation between partial and complete scales was very high in case of 'effort' (where 2 out of 3 items were used) and very high or high in case of 'reward', if at least 4 items (out of 7) were included. Reward scales composed of 3 items revealed good to satisfactory agreement, and in one case, a reward scale consisting of 2 items only demonstrated a modest, but still acceptable degree of agreement. Sensitivity and specificity of a composite measure, the ratio of effort and reward, comparing partial versus complete scales ranged between 59-93 and 85-99 %, respectively. Complete and partial scales were strongly associated with poor self-rated health. CONCLUSION: Our results support the notion that short proxy measures or partial versions of the original scales can be used to assess effort-reward imbalance

Reference

Siegrist J, Dragano N, Nyberg S, Lunau T, Alfredsson L, Erbel R, Fahlen G, Goldberg M, Jockel K, Knutsson A, Leineweber C, Magnusson Hanson L, Nordin M, Rugulies RE, Schupp J, Singh-Manoux A, Theorell T, Wagner G, Westerlund H, Zins M, Heikkila K, Fransson E, Kivimaki M. Validating abbreviated measures of effort-reward imbalance at work in European cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2014;87(3):249-256.
doi: 10.1007/s00420-013-0855-z

Gå til Tidsskriftartikel

Relaterede projekter

Metaanalyser med individuelle deltagerdata fra arbejdsmiljøkohorter i internationalt projekt (IPD-Work)