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Validation of a short-form version of the Danish need for recovery scale against the full scale

Tidsskriftartikel - 2019


INTRODUCTION: The Need for Recovery (NFR) Scale facilitates the understanding of the factors that can lead to sustainable working and employability. Short-form scales can reduce the burden on researchers and respondents. Our aim was to create and validate a short-form Danish version of the NFR Scale.

METHODS: Two datasets were used to conduct the exploratory and confirmatory analyses. This was done using qualitative and quantitative methods. The exploratory phase identified several short-form versions of the Danish NFR Scale and evaluated the quality of each through the assessment of content, construct and criterion validity, and responsiveness. These evaluations were then verified through the confirmatory analysis, using the second dataset.

RESULTS: A short-form NFR scale consisting of three items (exhausted at the end of a work day, hard to find interest in other people after a work day, it takes over an hour to fully recover from a work day) showed excellent validity and responsiveness compared to the nine-item scale. Furthermore, a short-form consisting of just two items also showed excellent validity and good responsiveness.

CONCLUSION: A short-form NFR scale, consisting of three items from the Danish NFR Scale, seems to be an appropriate substitute for the full nine-item scale.


Stevens ML, Crowley P, Garde AH, Mortensen OS, Nygård C, Holtermann A. Validation of a short-form version of the Danish need for recovery scale against the full scale. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2019;16(13):2334.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph16132334

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