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Dip coating of air purifier ceramic honeycombs with photocatalytic TiO2 nanoparticles: A case study for occupational exposure

Tidsskriftartikel - 2018


Nanoscale TiO2(nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2concentration levels were used to assess process specific emission rates using a convolution theorem and to calculate inhalation dose rates of deposited nTiO2particles. Dip coating did not result in detectable release of particles but air blade drying released fine-sized TiO2and nTiO2particles. nTiO2was found in pure nTiO2agglomerates and as individual particles deposited onto background particles. Total particle emission rates were 420×109min-1, 1.33×109μm2min-1, and 3.5mgmin-1respirable mass. During a continued repeated process, the average exposure level was 2.5×104cm-3, 30.3μm2cm-3, <116μgm-3for particulate matter. The TiO2average exposure level was 4.2μgm-3, which is well below the maximum recommended exposure limit of 300μgm-3for nTiO2proposed by the US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. During an 8-hour exposure, the observed concentrations would result in a lung deposited surface area of 4.3×10-3cm2g-1of lung tissue and 13μg of TiO2to the trachea-bronchi, and alveolar regions. The dose levels were well below the one hundredth of the no observed effect level (NOEL1/100) of 0.11cm2g-1for granular biodurable particles and a daily no significant risk dose level of 44μgday-1. These emission rates can be used in a mass flow model to predict the impact of process emissions on personal and environmental exposure levels.


Koivisto AJ, Kling KI, Fonseca AS, Bluhme AB, Moreman M, Yu M, Costa AL, Giovanni B, Ortelli S, Fransman W, Vogel U, Jensen KA. Dip coating of air purifier ceramic honeycombs with photocatalytic TiO2 nanoparticles: A case study for occupational exposure. Science of the Total Environment 2018;630:1283-1291.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.316

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Bæredygtige nanoteknologier (SUN)