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Occupational noise exposure, psychosocial working conditions and the risk of tinnitus

Tidsskriftartikel - 2017

Resume

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of occupational noise (current and cumulative doses) and psychosocial work factors (psychological demands and decision latitude) on tinnitus occurrence among workers, using objective and non-self-reported exposure measures to prevent reporting bias.

METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from a Danish survey from 2009 to 2010 that included 534 workers from children day care units and 10 manufacturing trades. Associations between risk factors (current noise exposure, cumulative noise exposure and psychosocial working conditions) and tinnitus were analyzed with logistic regression.

RESULTS: We found no statistically significant associations between either current [OR 0.95 (95% CI 0.89; 1.01)] or cumulative [OR 0.93 (95% CI 0.81; 1.06)] occupational noise exposure and tinnitus. Likewise, results for psychosocial working conditions showed no statistically significant association between work place decision latitude [OR 1.06 (95% CI 0.94; 1.13)] or psychological demands [OR 1.07 (95% CI 0.90; 1.26)] and tinnitus.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that current Danish occupational noise levels (in combination with relevant noise protection) are not associated with tinnitus. Also, results indicated that the psychosocial working conditions we observed in this cohort of mainly industrial workers were not associated with tinnitus. Therefore, psychosocial working conditions comparable to those observed in this study are probably not relevant to take into account in the evaluation of workers presenting with tinnitus.

Reference

Frederiksen TW, Ramlau-Hansen CH, Stokholm ZA, Grynderup MB, Hansen ÅM, Lund SP, Kristiansen J, Vestergaard JM, Bonde JP, Kolstad HA. Occupational noise exposure, psychosocial working conditions and the risk of tinnitus. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2017;90(2):217-225.
doi: 10.1007/s00420-016-1189-4

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