The relation between domain-specific physical behaviour and cardiorespiratory fitness: a cross-sectional compositional data analysis on the physical activity health paradox using accelerometer-assessed data

Tidsskriftartikel - 2020

Resume

In contrast to leisure time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA) does not have similar beneficial health effects. These differential health effects might be explained by dissimilar effects of LTPA and OPA on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). This study investigated cross-sectional associations between different physical behaviours during both work and leisure time and CRF by using a Compositional Data Analysis approach. Physical behaviours were assessed by two accelerometers among 309 workers with various manual jobs. During work time, more sedentary behaviour (SB) was associated with higher CRF when compared relatively to time spent on other work behaviours, while more SB during leisure time was associated with lower CRF when compared to other leisure time behaviours. Reallocating more time to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) from the other behaviours within leisure time was positively associated with CRF, which was not the case for MVPA during work. The results of our study are in line with the physical activity health paradox and we call for further study on the interaction between LTPA and OPA by implementing device-worn measures in a longitudinal design. Our results highlight the need for recommendations to take into account the different effects of OPA and LTPA on CRF.

Reference

Ketels M, Rasmussen CL, Korshøj M, Gupta N, De Bacquer D, Holtermann A, Clays E. The relation between domain-specific physical behaviour and cardiorespiratory fitness: a cross-sectional compositional data analysis on the physical activity health paradox using accelerometer-assessed data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020;17(21):7929.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217929

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