Occupational injury risk assessment using injury severity odds ratios: male falls from heights in the Danish construction industry, 1993-1999

Tidsskriftartikel - 2001

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To allow for an improved targeted approach to occupational injury research and prevention, detailed risk analyses of fatal, serious, and minor occupational injuries were completed with a focus on male falls from heights in construction. Reported lost-time injuries in Denmark (1993 to 1999) were analyzed for proportions, relative rates, and an injury severity odds ratio to assess relative hazards and reporting. Different types of injury risks, such as elevation falls through surfaces, were identified by contrasting fatal, serious and minor injuries. Trade-specific analyses provided evidence that the carpentry-trade group merits increased attention, as this group has excessively high proportions, rates and hazards for falls from heights, compared to the entire construction industry. Age-specific analyses of workers aged 20 to 59 revealed that the rates of serious-injury falls from heights increase with increasing age. This relationship was inverted for elevation fall injuries from roof surfaces. A focus on construction and falls from heights is necessary not only in terms of fatal injuries, but also for serious injuries. The use of an injury severity odds ratio to assess relative hazards and reporting is a useful supplement to proportions and injury rates in contributing to more precise targeting of subgroups for primary injury prevention.

Reference

Kines PA. Occupational injury risk assessment using injury severity odds ratios: male falls from heights in the Danish construction industry, 1993-1999. Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2001;7(7):1929-1943.
doi: 10.1080/20018091095492

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