Effects of dual-task demands on the complexity and task performance of submaximal isometric handgrip force control [Epub ahead of print]

Tidsskriftartikel - 2020

Resume

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of cognitive-motor dual-task load on temporal structure irregularity (complexity) of motor output and task performance of submaximal isometric contractions.

METHODS: Twelve young, sedentary subjects performed handgrip isometric contractions until failure at 50% of maximal voluntary contraction under mathematical self-regulated dual-task (own pace; SDT), regulated dual-task (imposed pace; RDT), and control. Force signal complexity was calculated by sample entropy at the initial, middle, and final thirds. Task performance was assessed by muscle fatigue (time to failure and rate of median frequency of the radial flexor of the carpus), force and math task error, and self-perceived difficulty.

RESULTS: Only RDT decreased complexity with respect to control (17.4% ± 12.6%, p = 0.005), all conditions decreased complexity by the final third (Control: 52.8% ± 18.7%, p < 0.001; SDT: 41.1% ± 32.1%, p = 0.003; RDT: 19.1% ± 21.9%, p = 0.035). Conditions did not affect time to failure, and only RDT decreased the rate of median frequency (0.1%/s ± 0.1%/s, p = 0.020). Inferior force error rate was increased by conditions (SDT: 1.5% ± 0.8%, p < 0.001; RDT: 2% ± 1.5%, p = 0.002). Math error was only augmented by RDT (from 9.9 ± 6.7 to 51.7 ± 18.8, p < 0.001), categorized as "very hard" in 85.7% of participants (p = 0.015).

CONCLUSION: Only the RDT condition reduced complexity and neuromuscular fatigue while increasing force error rate of the handgrip's motor output, without affecting time to failure. A highly demanding dual-task may become a strategy to modify the organization of the hand force motor output, which may contribute to its motor adaptations.

Reference

Guzmán-González B, Bustos-Briones C, Calatayud J, Tapia C, Torres-Elgueta J, García-Massó X, Cruz-Montecinos C. Effects of dual-task demands on the complexity and task performance of submaximal isometric handgrip force control [Epub ahead of print]. European Journal of Applied Physiology 2020.
doi: 10.1007/s00421-020-04357-x

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