Occupational violence and PTSD-symptoms. A prospective study on the indirect effects of violence through time pressure and non-traumatic strains in the occupational context

Tidsskriftartikel - 2019

Resume

OBJECTIVE: To assess if frequency of occupational violence (OV) affects PTSD symptoms through non- traumatic strains in the occupational context.

METHODS: 12-month prospective survey data on 1763 Social educators was used. Path-analysis measured direct and indirect pathways of frequency of OV on PTSD through; change in time pressure, change in burnout, change in sense of safety at work, and change in coping with regret in patient work.

RESULTS: 42 pct. of the variance in PTSD symptoms was predicted; F (20, 1541) = 36.8, p<.001, R = .42. Frequency of OV indirectly affected level of PTSD through all the mediators; estimated indirect effects = .14, 95% CI [.07 -.22].

CONCLUSION: PTSD resulting from occupational violence is not only a result of the violent acts themselves. It is essential to include the broader context of work environment factors in prevention of work related PTSD.

Reference

Pihl-Thingvad J, Elklit A, Brandt LLP, Andersen LL. Occupational violence and PTSD-symptoms. A prospective study on the indirect effects of violence through time pressure and non-traumatic strains in the occupational context. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2019;61(7):572-583.
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001612

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