Occupational social class and personality traits in relation to leisure-time physical activity level

Tidsskriftartikel - 2017

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate separate and combined associations of occupational social class and personality traits with late midlife leisure-time physical activity duration and intensity.

METHOD: Cross-sectional data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank ( N = 4,649) were analyzed using linear regression models with leisure-time physical activity (metric equivalence) as outcome.

RESULTS: Low versus high occupational social class was associated with 4% (95% confidence interval [CI] = [3%, 5%]) greater leisure-time physical activity duration, but 2% (CI = [1%, 3%]) lower intensity. Each 10-unit increase in extraversion was associated with 5% (CI = [2%, 8%]) greater duration. Intensity increased by each 10-unit increase in conscientiousness (6%, CI = [4%, 7%]), openness (3%, CI = [1%, 4%]), neuroticism (3%, CI = [1%, 4%]), and extraversion (5%, CI = [4%, 7%]). Conscientiousness was positively associated with duration in low, but not in high, occupational social class (interaction p value = .002).

DISCUSSION: Higher occupational social class was associated with lower leisure-time physical activity duration, but higher intensity. Extraversion was positively associated with duration and intensity. Conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism were positively associated with intensity. Overall, interactions were not consistent.

Reference

Petersen GL, Mortensen EL, Rod NH, Lange T, Flensborg-Madsen T, Hansen ÅM, Lund R. Occupational social class and personality traits in relation to leisure-time physical activity level: Cross-Sectional Results From the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank . Journal of Aging and Health 2017;30(8):1263-1283.
doi: 10.1177/0898264317714928

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