Development of a questionnaire for measuring employees’ perception of selection, optimisation and compensation at the leadership, group and individual levels

Tidsskriftartikel - 2021

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This study is the first to develop a questionnaire to measure employees’ perceptions of the use of the action strategies selection, optimisation, and compensation (SOC) beyond the individual level, which has so far been lacking in research and practice. The study thus contributes an important tool for research into the role of SOC strategies at the leadership, group, and individual levels for long and healthy working lives. It may also be used by practitioners as a tool to provide input when developing targeted interventions to support long and healthy working lives. The development of the questionnaire was based on SOC theory, qualitative and cognitive interviews, and existing SOC questionnaires. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were tested on data from a cross-sectional survey with responses from 785 nurses and 244 dairy workers. Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the theoretically expected nine-factor structure of the questionnaire in both study populations (nurses and dairy workers). Furthermore, the results largely supported the criterion validity and internal reliability of the scales in the questionnaire. Nevertheless, further validation across additional occupational groups is needed.

Reference

Meng A, Karlsen IL, Borg V, Clausen T. Development of a questionnaire for measuring employees’ perception of selection, optimisation and compensation at the leadership, group and individual levels. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021;18(12):6475.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph18126475

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