Effects of load mass and position on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting: A musculoskeletal modelling approach [Epub ahead of print]

Tidsskriftartikel - 2021

Resume

Musculoskeletal models may enhance our understanding of the dynamic loading of the joints during manual material handling. This study used state-of-the-art musculoskeletal models to determine the effects of load mass, asymmetry angle, horizontal location and deposit height on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting. Recommended weight limits and lifting indices were also calculated using the NIOSH lifting equation. Based on 1832 lifts from 22 subjects, we found that load mass had the most substantial effect on L5-S1 compression. Increments in asymmetry led to large increases in mediolateral shear, while load mass and asymmetry had significant effects on anteroposterior shear. Increased deposit height led to higher shoulder forces, while the horizontal location mostly affected the forces in the knees and shoulders. These results generally support the findings of previous research, but notable differences in the trends and magnitudes of the estimated forces were observed.

Reference

Skals S, Bláfoss R, de Zee M, Andersen LL, Andersen MS. Effects of load mass and position on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting: A musculoskeletal modelling approach [Epub ahead of print]. Applied Ergonomics 2021;96.
doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103491

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